Ear Drum Perforation
A hole or rupture in the eardrum, a thin membrane that separates the ear canal and the middle ear, is called a perforated eardrum. The medical term for eardrum is tympanic membrane. The middle ear is connected to the nose by the eustachian tube, which equalizes pressure in the middle ear. A perforated eardrum is often accompanied by decreased hearing and occasional discharge. Pain is usually not persistent.
Congenital Deformities (lop ear, pits)
Lop ear is an excessive protrusion of the ear from the side of the head, is a more frequent but less serious deformity of the outer ear. Surgery may be performed to bring the ears back to a more normal and less conspicuous position.
Cyst’s and Tumors (Benign and Malignant)
Benign cysts and tumors are usually discovered during a routine ear examination, which can include hearing tests (audiometry) and middle ear testing (tympanometry). When looking into the ear, the doctor may see cysts or benign tumors in the ear canal. Sometimes a CT scan is needed. Tumors of the ear can be benign or malignant. They can occur on the external ear, or in the ear canal, the middle ear or inner ear. Tumors in different areas of the ear behave differently. Thus, it is necessary to describe tumors based on their site of occurrence, as well as their behavior and treatment. Tumors of the ear are classified either by location or by their behavior (malignant or benign)
Ear wax, also known by the medical term cerumen, is a yellowish waxy substance secreted in the ear canal of humans and other mammals. It protects the skin of the human ear canal, assists in cleaning and lubrication, and also provides some protection from bacteria, fungi, insects and water. Excess or impacted cerumen can press against the eardrum and/or occlude the external auditory canal and impair hearing.
External Ear Canal Problems
Swimmer’s Ear is an inflammation or infection of the outer ear canal. This may cause: Ear pain where the ear may become very painful and tender to touch (especially on the cartilage in front of the ear canal), jaw pain, particularly when chewing, ear itchiness, swelling of the skin within the ear canal, hearing loss, a feeling that the ear is blocked, ringing or other noises within the ear, watery or creamy discharge.